Highly social and well-organized, it is estimated that ants possibly make up 15% to 25% of all total land-based animals. Only Antarctica and a few non-livable islands have no native or invasive ants.
Native Ants versus Invasive Ants
One native ant species is the Jumper ant which are a poisonous ant found in Tasmania and southeast Australia. More common in rural, wooded areas, jumper ants are large with the queen measuring up to over ½ inch. Most human bites cause a mild reaction, but if an allergy is present, the sting can be dangerous. They eat primarily small insects and are most active during the day.
One invasive ant species, and there are many, that has caused ecological damage is known locally as the Yellow Crazy Ant. Brought accidentally to Christmas Island and northern Australia, it has established itself by bullying local ants and through recruiting young worker ants of other species. Their diet is quite adaptable which allowed it to survive in non-native habitats.
How Diverse are They?
Ants are a challenging species because there are so many diverse subspecies. Mainland Australia and its territories are home to 1,275 subspecies of ants. This accounts for roughly two-thirds of the world’s different sub-species of ants with Queensland having the honor of hosting the largest number of subspecies in the world. Since it is probably impossible to locate and name every ant species or subspecies, it is possible that number could be over 6,500. So, a lot of ants!
How Do Ants Live?
Claiming permanent nests in places as different as soil and under pavement, ants are clearly industrious little insects who will go vast distances to bring food back to their community. Also, if something can be considered food, there is an ant that will search it out and bring it home.
What Can I do to Prevent an Ant Problem?
Immediate things to consider helping resolve your ant issue are basic household maintenance, such as:
How Do I Eliminate an Ant Problem?
Virtually impossible to eliminate, modern methods can help control problem infestations, at least temporarily. Today a combination method of chemical, physical and bio-solutions help contain problems with ants. Consulting a pest control professional is always a good option, but some methods to try right away include:
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There are many species of ants on the Gold Coast including the following.
Known as the black garden ant or common black ant. It is a formicine ant which is a species of subgenus Lasius.
Coastal brown ants from the species Pheidole megacephala. Known as big-headed ants. They are a nuisance in Queensland, Australia.
Argentine ants from species Linepithema humile. They are a major pest ant species. Often enter Queensland houses searching for food and moisture.
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